Data retention – what’s at stake?

Mandatory data retention is mass surveillance.

As the former Victorian Privacy Commissioner has said mass data retention:

“…is characteristic of a police state. It is premised on the assumption that all citizens should be monitored. Not only does this completely remove the presumption of innocence which all persons are afforded, it goes against one of the essential dimensions of human rights and privacy law: freedom from surveillance and arbitrary intrusions into a person’s life”

So you’ve got nothing to hide? Not fussed about rights and freedoms?  Well, here’s some further practical consequences of data retention to consider.

Your “metadata” in the court room

The Data Retention Bill does not impose any limitation on access to the retained data by other legal avenues.  This means there’s nothing stopping your ex-husband, your employer, the tax office or a bank using a subpoena to get access to that data if it is relevant to a court case.

Your telecommunications data – such information as who you called, when you called, your location or who you emailed, or messaged could be relevant to any range of disputes. (Here’s the draft data set – it’s complex and still not yet finalised).

Metadata isn’t like an envelope. It is possible to create meaningful personality profiles – including personal preferences, social/political affiliations, sexual orientation, health information, financial interests and ethnic identity. For example, certain phone numbers & email addresses are context specific eg suicide hotline, political parties, doctors, police , the list goes on.

Telco data would be useful in commercial disputes such as those involving trade secrets, intellectual property, breach of confidence. And then there’s family law disputes, insurance disputes, workers compensation claims, and that’s before we get to the oft-cited example of copyright cases.

And all this will likely increase the cost of litigation and reduce access to justice.  Better resourced companies or individuals can more easily afford cost of issuing subpoenas or even preliminary discovery applications as in the Dallas Buyers Club case.

Taxpayers will fund their own surveillance

We’ve heard much about the government’s cutting the red tape agenda.

But not so much about the costs and regulatory burden of data retention on small telcos? How will this impact competition in the communications sector?

AIMIA also argues that the data retention will be a strong disincentive for companies to invest in infrastructure in Australia.

It’s unclear what the level of contribution the Government will make to industry toward the up front or ongoing cost of complying with the proposed data retention regime.  We do know that the costs will be significant.  What costs will be passed on to residential and business customers?  Ultimately we’ll all pay as tax payers and consumers.

How much will this all cost? We still don’t know

Drive consumers away from Australian businesses

A range of pragmatic compromises have been made to get this Bill introduced into Parliament.

Just one example: what are known as third-party over the top services such as Gmail, Skype and Facebook are not currently covered by the data retention obligations. But data associated with services such as email, VoIP and SMS provided by your telco will be retained.

This decision about the scope of the regime is  likely to reduce revenue of Australian businesses, and reduce the already questionable effectiveness of the scheme in making the community safer.

Off-shore data storage

Your ISP can choose where it wants to store your data.

As the Victorian Privacy Commissioner has submitted:

  • The Bill does not prevent retained data from being transmitted to, and stored in, offshore cloud computing services that are under the control of foreign corporations and foreign governments.
  • It does not exclude retained data being stored in cloud computing services that are physically located within Australia but which are owned by foreign entities that may be subject to extraterritorial legal obligations that subject the retained data to the laws of foreign countries

So how is your personal information safe from the reach of foreign countries? 

How safe will your data be?

The Bill does not place any additional obligations on your telco to keep your data secure.

Telcos and the Privacy Commissioner has warned of increased risk of security breaches from the retention of large amounts of personal information for an extended period of time and the attraction to hackers by retention of larger amounts of data.

Your telco has no absolute liability for the results of these increased risks, only a potential obligation under the Privacy Act to take ‘such steps as are reasonable in the circumstances to protect the information’.

The Victorian Privacy Commissioner has highlighed that:

  “Breaches to the security of large, well resourced private sector organisations are commonplace but many remain unknown because of commercial secrecy and the fact that Australia does not have a data security breach framework in place”

The Australian Privacy Foundation in their excellent submission set out the risks, namely

  • risks associated with unanticipated uses of the data by service providers;
  • risks associated with disclosures to third parties; and
  • risks associated with the difficulties of adequately ensuring the security of large data sets.

Such risks are a concrete reality as Privacy International have highlighted:

  •  In 2013, senior Queensland police misused caught pulling confidential mobile phone records to catch officers faking sick days;
  • UK: call records of over 1,000 journalists over a 2 year period handed over to police – “human error” on part of a telco employee;

In recent years, the Privacy Commissioner has investigated breaches of security by telcos and government agencies:

 Australian service providers have experienced significant issues in handling and keeping personal information secure. Major telecommunications services providers that will be covered by the scheme are amongst the 20 entities most complained about to our office,” Pilgrim says.

And if your telco does get hacked and your personal information is disclosed, they don’t have to tell you.

Counter-productive

It is expected that, as with the Snowden revelations, a move to mandatory data retention will increase the already growing appetite for encryption and anonymisation products.

Moves to more encryption and tools such as VPNs (already commonly used by businesses and many consumers) is counter-productive to the government’s objectives of retaining data to assist it in protecting national security and tackling serious crime.

Will much of the data left to be retained be that belonging to relatively unsophisticated or incautious Internet users?

But don’t ASIO and the AFP need data retention to protect us?

We haven’t been provided with compelling evidence that explains how “metadata” used by police will no longer be available if we don’t have mandatory data retention.

The AGD couldn’t provide Senator Ludlam with any evidence that data retention was effective in addressing  the claimed objectives of tackling serious crime or protecting national security. (Note: there is no limitation in the Bill that the data can only be accessed to investigate or prosecute serious crimes.)

Our government isn’t alone in scratching around for evidence. UK representatives before the CJEU in July 2013 conceded there was no “scientific data” to underpin the claimed need for data retention. In the US, the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board  found that there is little evidence that the metadata program has made the US safer.

As the authors of a study on the EU Data Retention Directive highlight in respect to the “evidence” which had been presented to justify the Directive, it is sufficient to note that the plural of anecdote is not “data”.

Want to know more?

  • Register for the Law Institute of Victoria’s free Data Retention Forum on 24 February.
  • Check out the submissions to the PJCIS on the Data Retention Bill
  • Check out my post on what’s missing from the government’s site on data retention
  • Follow the work of journalists who are covering these issues such as Josh Taylor, Bernard Keane, Allie Coyne, Rohan Pearce, Ben Grubb, Claire Reilly and Paul Farrell.
Data retention – what’s at stake?

We can do something: #MITAdonate #JusticeforRefugees

As some of you may have read in the past, my Mum, Margaret regularly travels from Ballarat to visit people seeking asylum at MITA, a detention centre in Broadmeadows.

Yesterday, my parents and I joined thousands of people around Australia who walked for Justice for Refugees. On their way home to Ballarat, Mum visited MITA and gave clothes and other items to 7 families. (I donated my Richmond scarf to a boy who is a keen supporter. He and his family have been in MITA for nearly a year.)

Mum has given me some further suggestions for donations for those who’d like to help those at MITA. Any assistance would be very much appreciated. Items can be either new or good quality second-hand.

Men, women and children

  • Jeans (straight or narrow legs only
  • T-shirts
  • Warm tops, jackets, night wear etc for winter
  • Hats, scarfs and glove
  • Shoes (no high heels)

Women and girls

  • Leggings
  • Headbands, hair clips, necklaces, bracelets

Children

  • Colouring, activity, and sticker books
  • Pencil cases, coloured pencils, textas

Other

  • Large pieces of material (about 2 metres) for making tops and dresses
  • Backpacks for children
  • Soft travel bags or sport bags for adults
  • Large handbags or bags to carry nappies etc.

If you are able to assist (and live in Melbourne or Ballarat), please get in contact with me.

——————————————

There are also a number of practical actions we can all take to both advocate for more humane refugee policy and to assist those refugees & asylum seekers in Australia.

* The wonderful Asylum Seeker Resource Centre has a list of ways you can get involved and also produce excellent fact sheets & mythbusters­ to assist you in discussing these issues.   *Amnesty International also has useful resources on refugee issues if you’d like to learn more.

* Write to your federal Member of Parliament: Oxfam have some tips on how to do this.

*Spread the word: host a screening or encourage friends, family and colleagues to watch Between the Devil & the Deep Blue Sea film. Doco is available to buy for $20 here: http://deepblueseafilm.com/­ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/deepblueseafilm

*Volunteer: there are a range of organisations that work to support asylum seekers and refugees. For example, you could tutor refugees in homework programs.  See Refugee Council’s list of organisations in your community.


We can do something: #MITAdonate #JusticeforRefugees

We can do something: #MITAdonate

Community

As some of you may have read in the past, my Mum, Margaret regularly travels from Ballarat to visit asylum seekers at MITA, a detention centre in Broadmeadows.

After speaking to Mum last night I tweeted a request for donations of baby wraps and also books for a 17 year old interested in biology.  Thanks for all the rapid responses offering baby wraps. Much appreciated!

Mum is used to organising donations by herself. However, I’ve managed to get some further suggestions from her as many have asked me how else you can help.

Here are some specific requests/needs:

* maternity clothing

* children’s and very basic dictionaries

* colouring books with activities

* grammar books for people with English as a second language

* Some of the women have also asked for material and lace for making dresses & baby clothes.

If you are able to assist (and live in Melbourne or Ballarat), please get in contact with me.

——————————————

There are also a number of practical actions we can all take to both advocate for more humane refugee policy and to assist those refugees & asylum seekers in Australia.

* The wonderful Asylum Seeker Resource Centre has a list of ways you can get involved and also produce excellent fact sheets & mythbusters­ to assist you in discussing these issues.   *Amnesty International also has useful resources on refugee issues if you’d like to learn more.

* Write to your federal Member of Parliament: Oxfam have some tips on how to do this.

*Spread the word: host a screening or encourage friends, family and colleagues to watch Between the Devil & the Deep Blue Sea film. Doco is available to buy for $20 here: http://deepblueseafilm.com/­ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/deepblueseafilm

*Volunteer: there are a range of organisations that work to support asylum seekers and refugees. For example, you could tutor refugees in homework programs.  See Refugee Council’s list of organisations in your community.


We can do something: #MITAdonate

Between the Devil and The Deep Blue Sea screening: what next?

Community

Last night I co-hosted a screening of the award-winning documentary, Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea.   This powerful documentary looks at the circumstances and decisions that lead someone to become a ‘boat person’. In making this film, Jessie Taylor and Ali Reza Sadiqi met with 250 asylum seekers across Indonesia. In the words of the asylum seekers themselves, their stories are told.

We were also very privileged to have Jessie Taylor speak before the screening.

Jessie highlighted that there are a number of practical actions we can all take to both advocate for more humane refugee policy and to assist those refugees & asylum seekers in Australia.

* The wonderful Asylum Seeker Resource Centre has a list of ways you can get involved and also produce excellent fact sheets & mythbusters­ to assist you in discussing these issues.   *Amnesty International also has useful resources on refugee issues if you’d like to learn more.

* Write to your federal Member of Parliament: Oxfam have some tips on how to do this.

*Spread the word: host a screening or encourage friends, family and colleagues to watch Between the Devil & the Deep Blue Sea film. Doco is available to buy for $20 here: http://deepblueseafilm.com/­ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/deepblueseafilm

*Volunteer: there are a range of organisations that work to support asylum seekers and refugees. For example, you could tutor refugees in homework programs.  See Refugee Council’s list of organisations in your community.

For those in Ballarat, my Mum, Margaret and her friend Carmel are hosting an afternoon tea to raise funds for asylum seekers & their families on Thursday 12 December:

Christmas in Detention

Many asylum seekers are spending their fifth year in detention in Australia.

Come and show your support for human rights in Australia and help assist these people and their families.

Afternoon  Tea:       Thursday 12 December

Location: 30 Waller Ave Ballarat    at 1:30pm

 Guest Speaker:   Pamela Curr, Refugee Rights Co-ordinator from ASRC Melbourne will speak on Australia’s present Immigration policy and its repercussions.

Inquiries         0401 175 045   /  53322103

Carmel           annekav123@yahoo.co.uk

Stalls, entrance prizes

Entry   $15.00    Conc $10.00

Proudly supported by:   Ballarat Regional Multicultural Council  &    House of Welcome


Between the Devil and The Deep Blue Sea screening: what next?

Budget day, volunteer week and my Mum – updated

My Mum, budget day and volunteer week

It is budget day here in Australia.  I’ve decided to write about my Mum, Margaret. I’d love for the budget to make her happy because she’d love a budget that builds rather than divides our community, one that does not push more people out to the margins.

Mum’s dedicated to her work in aged care and is involved in a range of community activities, some organised and others are just part of who she is. (I can remember leaving out lollies in homemade bon bons for the postie when I was a kid.)

It’s National Volunteer Week and over the past ten years I’ve been particularly impressed with how my mother has continued to visit detention centres; write letters, attend meetings, forums, and rallies, and organise fundraising events for asylum seekers as well as  support refugees who have settled in Ballarat.  Some of these activities such as visiting detention centres have been with my Dad or her friends.

I also love this picture that @Kon_K founder of the Asylum Seeker Centre tweeted of the hundreds of people who attended a recent information night for volunteers.  It’s all too easy to be depressed by the snark, the haters, the gutlessness of our politicians, to “read the comments” and yell at the TV particularly in this election year.  In those moments, I need to remember my Mum and all those working in their own way to make our community a better one for all.

[And here’s a picture of my Mum at my brother Steve and Shu-Ling’s wedding (which was also both Dad and my birthday).]

Update 26 May 2013 

The Asylum Seeker Resource Centre posted this week that baby Helya was born at MITA (Melbourne Immigration Transit Accommodation).

Mum, together with friends of hers from Ballarat regularly visit MITA.  They were at MITA this Wednesday and she said there were at least 20 children of different ages at the visitors centre and many were asking her for clothes. (There may well be more children in MITA as not all were necessarily at the visitor’s centre at the time Mum visited).

Mum said there are a number of toddlers, both boys and girls and also quite a few boys and girls around 7 – 10 years old at MITA. She said warm clothes such as jeans and coats would be particularly appreciated.  (Note donations of clothes or books cannot just be sent to MITA, the staff require the name of a child.)

If you would like to assist, please get in contact with me or you can also donate directly to the Asylum Seeker Resource Centre’s Winter Appeal at this link: http://www.givenow.com.au/asrcwinterappeal

Budget day, volunteer week and my Mum – updated